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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1299-1309

Neuroprotective effects of long noncoding RNAs involved in ischemic postconditioning after ischemic stroke

1 Institute of Neuroscience, Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China
2 Second Department of General Surgery, First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Jian-Hui Guo
Second Department of General Surgery, First People’s Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, Yunnan Province
Li-Yan Li
Institute of Neuroscience, Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan Province
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Source of Support: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 31560295 (to LYL); the Yunnan Applied Basic Research Projects of China, Nos. 2018FE001(-016) (to WM), 2018FE001(-163) (to LYL); and the Research Innovation Team of Yunnan Province of China, No. 2019HC022 (to LYL), Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1673-5374.327346

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During acute reperfusion, the expression profiles of long noncoding RNAs in adult rats with focal cerebral ischemia undergo broad changes. However, whether long noncoding RNAs are involved in neuroprotective effects following focal ischemic stroke in rats remains unclear. In this study, RNA isolation and library preparation was performed for long noncoding RNA sequencing, followed by determining the coding potential of identified long noncoding RNAs and target gene prediction. Differential expression analysis, long noncoding RNA functional enrichment analysis, and co-expression network analysis were performed comparing ischemic rats with and without ischemic postconditioning rats. Rats were subjected to ischemic postconditioning via the brief and repeated occlusion of the middle cerebral artery or femoral artery. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression levels of differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs after ischemic postconditioning in a rat model of ischemic stroke. The results showed that ischemic postconditioning greatly affected the expression profile of long noncoding RNAs and mRNAs in the brains of rats that underwent ischemic stroke. The predicted target genes of some of the identified long noncoding RNAs (cis targets) were related to the cellular response to ischemia and stress, cytokine signal transduction, inflammation, and apoptosis signal transduction pathways. In addition, 15 significantly differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs were identified in the brains of rats subjected to ischemic postconditioning. Nine candidate long noncoding RNAs that may be related to ischemic postconditioning were identified by a long noncoding RNA expression profile and long noncoding RNA-mRNA co-expression network analysis. Expression levels were verified by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. These results suggested that the identified long noncoding RNAs may be involved in the neuroprotective effects associated with ischemic postconditioning following ischemic stroke. The experimental animal procedures were approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Kunming Medical University (approval No. KMMU2018018) in January 2018.

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